5G is the next generation of cellular communications technology with evolutionary and revolutionary services that can have a deep impact on India. 5G can unleash new economic opportunities and societal benefits giving it the potential for being a transformational force for Indian society. It can help the country leapfrog the traditional barriers to development as well as advance the ‘Digital India’ vision. The cumulative economic impact of 5G on India can reach one trillion USD by 2035.
A 5G High Level Forum was set up by the Government in September 2017 to articulate the Vision for 5G in India and to recommend policy initiatives and action plans to realize this vision. The three priorities for India in 5G are
A Steering Committee was constituted with Prof. A J Paulraj, Professor, Stanford University as the Chair. Seven task forces were set up under the Steering Committee to study – Spectrum Policy, Regulatory Policy, Education and Awareness Promotion Program, Application & Use Case Labs, Development of Application Layer Standards, Major Trials and Technology Demonstration and Participation in International Standards.
5G refers to Fifth Generation and mobile wireless generation generally refers to a change in the nature of the system, speed, technology, frequency, data capacity, latency etc.
5G is a wireless communication technology using radio waves or radio frequency (RF) energy to transmit and receive data. It is the next generation mobile networks technology after 4G LTE networks which promises to elevate the speed of the wireless networks from the present speed of about 45mbps to about 1Gbps.5G technologies will enter services gradually, beginning in 2019 and advance to a full range of services by 2024.
5G will accommodate technologies like IOT (Internet of Things), Artificial intelligence and mobility in our lives. As per the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Committee on Digital Economic Policy, 5G technologies rollout will help in increasing GDP, creating employment and digitizing the economy.
The Government has launched a program titled ‘Building an End-to-End 5G Test Bed’ to advance innovation and research in 5G. This three year program began in March 2018, with a budget authorization of Rs 2,240 million. The program has been awarded to IIT Madras, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, CEWIT, SAMEER and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. The program envisages close collaboration between the universities and small technology companies.
Ericsson has installed the first public access 5G test bed at IIT Delhi in July 2018 for developing applications in the broadband and low latency areas providing access to the industry and institutions to work on India specific usage scenarios and applications. The industry is encouraged to take lead and establish more public test beds in the country.
On the standards front, DoT and TSDSI in collaboration with the IITs have been successful in getting the Large Cell Low Mobility (LMLC) use case accepted in the IMT 2020 requirements. LMLC reflects the needs of rural India and other similar countries. TSDSI is currently working with 3GPP to include specifications in Release 15 standard that support the LMLC use case.
5G holds the key to growth of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and IOT (Internet of Things). Moreover, it has applications from cloud systems to stream software updates, music, and navigation data to driverless cars. From Agriculture to Pharma and Infrastructure to educations it is going to be an important aspect for New India and its continuous development. Hence the following steps can be of some help
With significant capabilities in both telecommunications and software, India needs to catalyse the economic growth and development, and to generating new- age jobs and livelihoods, and ensuring access to next generation services for its citizens. Thus the introduction of 5G in India becomes more important.